If you look at the cases of the most efficient lawyer Sagar Suryawanshi Advocate, you will find that they always have a lot, for a normal citizen. Therefore, learning from the cases of Sagar Suryawanshi Advocate, we will learn about the investigation agencies of the country.
Law enforcement agencies are the backbone of any country. Their main job is to provide safety and security to the country, so that common citizens can enjoy their lives without any fear. In a country like India, there are numerous law enforcement agencies. Some of them are listed under the state government while others are listed under the central government. Examples of such investigation agencies are CBI, RAW, BSF, NSG and National Investigation Agency etc. An integral part of them is special investigation agencies. Their main aim is to obtain certain facts about the case, by doing step by step enquiry and report the same. In today’s article, we will discuss CBI, ED and NCB.
NCB:- NCB stands for narcotics control bureau. It was established in 1986. The headquarters of NCB is located in Delhi and it is affiliated with the Ministry of home affairs. Currently, the chief of NCB is Mr Rakesh Asthana. NCB was made to fulfil the objectives of the NDPS act, 1985. The objective of the same act is mentioned in article 47 of the constitution. Now, if we check the reports of the last few years, then every year more than 5 crore people in India consume drugs. Most of these cases are found in Punjab, Assam, Sikkim and Delhi. The main reason why these states have such a high rate of drug abuse is that they share international boundaries from where most of the drug comes in.
The Central Bureau of Investigation is the main investigating agency of the central government. In India, in the year 1941 soon after World War 2, a special police force was formed to investigate corruption cases. This was further followed by the Sanathan committee for the prevention of corruption. This committee further recommends the establishment of CBI. CBI initially was affiliated with the Ministry of home affairs. But, now it comes under the Ministry of Personnel and training. This further comes under PMO. But, whenever CBI is dealing with any matters of prevention of corruption, it ces under the cent vigilance commission. Talking about the main divisions of CBI, there are three of them ly economic offences divisive on, anti-corruption division and special crime division.
CBI is known to investigate crimes of serious nature which hold national or international importance. At the special request of the state government, CBI also deals with cases that hold public importance. Presently, the director of CBI is Rishi Kumar Shukla and its headquarters are located in Delhi. If we talk about the founder of CBI, then the name that comes up is D.P Kohli. He served CBI as a director from 1963-to 1968. The most interesting fact associated with CBI is that it is exempted from CBI. Another interesting fact about CBI is that they are the touchpoint for Interpol in India. CBI always has played a very crucial role in a criminal investigation in every case from the Bhanwari Devi Murder case to Satyam Scam.
But, like many other organisations, CBI has some problems. The major problem of CBI is its autonomy. For example, in 1997, the supreme court had raised questions on CBI’s independence. This case was related to the Hawala scam, in which many officials and bureaucrats were listed for corruption and bribery. In this case, there was no investigation conducted against the most influential people. Therefore, the supreme court acknowledged that CBI failed in its responsibility to investigate allegations of Public Corruption. Therefore, a set of guidelines were issued for CBI to ensure its autonomy in future. Moreover, CBI was put under the supervision of the central vigilance commission.
The appointment committee of CBI consists of three people. First is the prime minister, who is the chairperson, second is the leader of opposition of Lok sabha and third is the chief justice of India.
This agency is the third investigating agency of the company called the Enforcement Directorate. The main purpose of this agency is to investigate the economic crimes of the country. Some of the very famous cases fought by ED are the 2g scam, yes Bank scam and Mumbai airport development scam. This agency is affiliated with the Department of Revenue of the Ministry of Finance. The headquarters of ED is located in Delhi. The current director of ED is Sanjay Kumar Misra.